Thursday, September 16, 2021
Tuesday, September 7, 2021
Yes, Ancestry.com did sign an agreement to purchase the large French genealogy website Geneanet.org. This happens just a short time after MyHeritage.com signed an agreement to buy the other large French genealogy website Filae.com.https://www.filae.com/
This doesn't have much to do with genealogists in the United States as much as it is an indication of the competition for genealogy websites in Europe. It really doesn't matter which of the large companies made the first move, what is certain is that there are now essentially two very large genealogy database websites that have just grown larger. But I do need to acknowledge that both Ancestry.com and MyHeritage.com have indicated that both French websites will continue to operate independently. You might view these two purchases as a smaller companies associating with a larger company to improve their visibility and customer bases.
Is large good or bad? In genealogy records database websites, as in many other areas of the commercial world, big is better for researchers. Of course, this assumes that the researcher knows about the websites and actually uses them. By the way, all four of these websites are currently FamilySearch.org partner websites, so FamilySearch is certainly not being left out of this expansion by two of the "big players" in the world of online genealogical data. Of course, there is also Findmypast.com, the British entry.
Europe is a big market (understatement) for genealogy and probably a lot bigger than anything going on in the United States. Before going much further with this post, I need to point out that percentage wise, very few FamilySearch.org users take advantage of signing up for all five of the Partner websites. Also, I need to make it absolutely clear that every one of these websites has its own unique advantages and value to the genealogical researcher and yes, there are some records that are duplicated on some of these websites with the other websites but they are not all chasing the same records. If you are trying to do research in some countries of Europe and other places in the world, you will soon realize that there are still an enormous number of paper records out there waiting to be digitized and made available online. Only the very large genealogy companies have the resources to digitize and index huge numbers of records. Local digital projects by libraries and archives are valuable, but sometimes hard to find and otherwise have restrictions on viewing. For example, the HatthiTrust.org has a huge collection of over 8 million digital books but only 39% of this huge collection is available to the public and the rest is only available to students and faculty of large U.S. universities.
What about the paywall issue? The new acquisitions will, for the time being, continue to operate in the same way they have in the past. Some genealogists seem to think that digital copies of documents magically appear online and that all the copies should be free. But this is idea that everything should be free on the internet ignore the reality of the cost of hosting and maintaining large collections of images. Right now, in the genealogical world, the sale of DNA kits and information is partially funding the digitization efforts of the larger corporations. But if we are going to continue to increase the amount of genealogical data online, we need more than just DNA sales and online subscription promotions to do the job. Meanwhile, FamilySearch.org continues to digitize records and make them available online for free which, of course, would seem to undermine the other companies. However, the FamilySearch Partner Program, is advantageous to both the partner companies and to users of the FamilySearch.org website. Let's just say for now that it is complicated but it works to the advantage of both sides of the agreements.
So here is the present line up:
- MyHeritage.com acquired Filae.com
- Ancestry.com has acquired Geneanet.org
Thursday, September 2, 2021
In social networking, following has become endemic. In this context, when we "follow" someone, we are interested in learning about what happens in their lives. On the FamilySearch.org Family Tree, following is considerably different. The function of following is to learn about any changes being made to a particular individual by other contributors (usually your relatives) on the Family Tree. This feature was previously called "watch."
First some definitions for clarification. The FamilySearch.org Family Tree is a collaborative, universal, user maintained family tree. It is based on a wiki design and that means that registered contributors can add, delete (under some restrictions), and change any information. This concept does not sit well with people who think they own their ancestors and all their ancestral information. But that is a topic for another day.
The Family Tree is also source-based. This means that if the information entered into the Family Tree is not supported by valid, genealogical sources, it is suspect and of course, subject to change. It is also common that different contributors have different opinions about the content. Because of the structure and basis for the Family Tree, the contributors are, in a sense, forced to collaborate.
So how do we reach a balance between accuracy and stability? This is an especially difficult concept because of the occurrence of randomly entered wrong information. So we divide the types of information into hierarchical categories. Such as these:
- Level One: Randomly entered data that is obviously wrong and unsupported by any source citations
- Level Two: Information that is unsupported but not obviously wrong
- Level Three: Information that is supported by a source citation but wrong
- Level Four: Information that is well supported and is subject to opinion
- Level Five: Information that so well supported by historical, genealogical records as to be accepted subject to future research
Tuesday, August 31, 2021
The FamilySearch.org Family Tree was originally seeded with previously collected individual and family histories from five major collections: the Ancestral File, the Pedigree Resource File, the International Genealogical Index, and Membership and Temple records from The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. These records were not directly added to the Family Tree. They were previously used as the basis for the new.FamilySearch.org website. By using these databases, the release of the FamilySearch.org Family Tree automatically had millions of duplicate entries. As an example, the individual shown above is a duplicate entry. Here is the entry that appears in my view of the Family Tree.
Saturday, August 28, 2021
Here is the video version of my recent blog post on the same subject. Please take a moment to watch the video and subscribe to my YouTube Channel.
Hmm. Beta.FamilySearch.org is an exact copy of the regular FamilySearch.org website. So why is there a copy of the entire website online for free? The copy is a sandbox or a place where you can practice, learn, make changes and demonstrate adding information without doing permanent damage to the "real" FamilySearch.org website. You sign into the Beta website in exactly the same way you do for the real website.
The only danger is that you might forget you are signed into the Beta version and spend some time adding and correcting the information and then lose everything you have done. Also, the website is only periodically (once a year) updated from the real FamilySearch website so the information is almost immediately outdated. You can see the differences between the two websites by putting them side-by-side.
The real website is on the right and the Beta website is on the left. You can click on the image to see an enlarged version.
Sometimes, you can find experimental, new features that might be added to the real website incorporated for testing purposes.
If you are unsure about how a feature on the FamilySearch.org website works, you can "play around with the feature on the Beta website without worrying about whether or not you are going to ruin the website. You can also use the website to teach without worrying about the persistence of the changes you make.
It is just a good idea to know that the website exists and can be used for almost everything except preserving the information you add to individuals.
Be careful to remember you are working on the Beta website and don't inadvertently add information or make changes you want to keep.
Thursday, August 26, 2021
Ancestry.com has added a collection of over 3.5 million Freedmen's Bureau records that are free to search. The U.S. Freedmen’s Bureau was established in 1865 to help the nearly four million newly freedmen and women manage their transition from enslavement to citizenship, the Freedmen’s Bureau assisted with land and property, relief programs, medical care, and educational support—among many other important endeavors. What is little known is that the Freedmen's Bureau also contain many records of poor white people.
Here is a link to an introductory video by Dr. Henry Louis Gates, Jr.
Tuesday, August 24, 2021
Understanding user changes to the FamilySearch Family Tree
If you are working consistently on maintaining your part of the FamilySearch.org Family Tree, you probably know that you can "follow" (previously watch) people you are interested in preserving. Because the Family Tree is entirely user driven and by its nature cooperative, any of your relatives could add content, change content, or delete content in any given week. If you click on the star located on an individual ancestor's startup page, you will start receiving a notification email of all the changes made to the people you follow on a weekly basis directly from FamilySearch. The image above is an example of part of the list for one week.
The changes fall into distinct categories and not all of them a bad or unwanted. However, some of them are merely like weeds in a garden; unwanted and bothersome. You only have to react to those changes that affect the accuracy of the Family Tree entries. Here are some examples of the types of changes you might run into.
1. A change to a revolving door ancestor from either adding incorrect information or correcting the bad information added. Here is a screenshot of one from a current week.
Monday, August 23, 2021
Monday, August 16, 2021
I am old enough and having been doing genealogical research long enough to be a bridge between traditional, paper-based genealogical research and the online world of today. In my early years of researching my family, I spent days in the Salt Lake City, Family History Library, photocopying handwritten family group records and then transcribing them into my early computers. Slowly, over the years, I learned more about doing genealogical research and I began to research and correct the entries from over 100 years of my relatives research. It took me about 15 years to review the basic core of the family history I inherited and photocopy thousands of pedigree charts and family group records. I still have a huge pile of boxes of all the original records I found, examined, and then digitized.
About 17 years ago, I began volunteering at first, the Mesa, Arizona FamilySearch Library and now at the Brigham Young University Family History Library.
So, what are the basic differences between my earlier experiences and those of today. Most dramatically, the information that took me over 15 years to accumulate and digest is now available with a few clicks online on FamilySearch.org in the Family Tree. If you want to know what I have done and what was done by all of my predecessors, you can view all of the work for free in matter of hours or perhaps days rather than years. I am now working on connecting relatives that, even after fifteen years of work, I didn't know existed.
The most obvious difference between then and now is the overwhelming amount of information we have online compared to what I could reasonably access in those earlier days. But the real differences are not so easily observed. The genealogy research process always seems to begin by determining what you (and everyone else) already know about your family. This is commonly called a "survey." My fifteen plus years of visits to the Family History Library basically got me to the beginning of my real research, that is, looking for information from historical records. We are all still in the mode of finding out what others have done. Unfortunately, the piles of individual family group records and pedigrees has been replaced by millions of online family trees. The issue is duplication of of our collective efforts. When I was working with paper records, I found a significant number of duplicate paper forms.
If I were starting today to research my family, I would spend some time looking at some of the large online genealogy database websites. Rather than spending my time and money driving from my home in Mesa, Arizona to Salt Lake City, Utah, I could spend a few dollars on subscriptions that would quickly give me a huge number of ancestors to work with. Granted, the processes of evaluation and checking for sources remains the same but the time and money involved are significantly less. This is especially true if you begin your search by using the FamilySearch.org Family Tree.
How is the process different than it used to be? Except for some brief research notes, everything I research is essentially online and everything I produce as a result of the research is online. Do I still have to use paper? Yes, when the records and documents I need are on paper. But the times when I have to visit a library, archive, or other repository are almost disappearing. Now before you start to tell me how you found your ancestor in an old courthouse in Mississippi or in a parish in England, I agree there are still a lot of records locked up in local, hard to access, repositories. An occasional visit to a remote repository is sometimes mandatory to find some specific information, but I am finding that those times are becoming less frequent.
I am still surrounded by people with huge, heavy, three-ring binders of pages in plastic protectors but I find fewer and fewer of them have any information on those protected pages that is not readily available online.
If your view of genealogical research is limited to searching on FamilySearch.org or Ancestry.com, you probably do not realize what I am writing about. One example is the Internet Archive or Archive.org. This one website has well over 32 million digitized books and publications, completely searchable, and completely free. When was the last time you looked for some information is this huge database? This is only one of tens of thousands of such repositories. When you get in your car or climb onto an airplane to fly to some remote repository, how do you know what you are looking for is not already somewhere online?
So, the main change from my perspective is that I would not have spent 15+ years doing a survey. I could have spent that same time learning more about doing genealogical research and actually adding some information to the massive amount of work that had been done on my own family.
By the way, if you have a subscription to MyHeritage.com and look at your Smart Matches, you may be surprised at how many other people are working on your own family lines.
Today, I can do more research in a day than I could do in a month just a few short years ago. Think about it.
Saturday, August 14, 2021
FamilySearch.org in conjunction with The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (the Church) has a huge network of 5397 Family History Libraries and Family History Centers around the world as of the date of this post. These libraries and centers range in size and content from the Salt Lake City, Family History Library, a world-renowned collection of books, films, images, and documents, to much smaller centers that may have a few computers and some other limited resources. The number of these libraries and centers reflect the degree of importance the Church and its members place on doing vicarious ordinances for the members' ancestors. See "Vicarious Work." Although many people around the world are interested in and participate in genealogical research, the members of the Church have a unique religious reason for being involved.
Back in 2017, I wrote a blog post entitled, "Three Years at the BYU Family History Library: A Retrospective." In that post, I wrote the following about my experiences in the Brigham Young University Family History Library.
What I do see is the most of the patrons of the library, including the other missionaries serving in the Library, fail to use the Library's resources. Books go untouched. Microfilm and microfiche are only rarely accessed. I almost never see patrons or those serving in the Library using the fabulous collection of reference books prominently displayed in the Library. In fact, it is just exactly like my years ago experience at the University of Utah Library during the times the students were on breaks between classes. From the full-time students' perspective, the Library is a place to study for their classes and socialize. From the perspective of the non-student patrons, the Library is a place to come and use electronic devices. It is very much like going to a world class restaurant to eat your peanut butter and jelly sandwich from a brown bag.
Why is this the case?
- After thinking about this phenomena for about 60 years, I have come to the following conclusions.
- Very few people know how to use a library's collections.
- The internet is giving everyone the idea that it is the only source of information available to the world.
- Even those are comfortable in libraries lack the research skills to fully utilize their contents.
- Most people do not see study and research as positive leisure activities.
- Libraries, in general, do a poor job of promoting their research collections and university libraries are among those who do the least to promote their facilities.
- Public libraries are facing serious challenges in funding and support.
Most of the Family History Centers are locally operated. Except for a few of the larger FamilySearch Family History Libraries, the Center operate out of rooms in the local Church chapels. All of these facilities are free and accessible by the general public.
During the pandemic, almost all of these facilities have been closed and at the time of this post, only a few of them are open and operating.
Genealogical research is directly dependent on access to historical records. Over the past twenty years or so, billions of genealogically valuable historical records have been made available online. Some of these, such as those on FamilySearch.org, are free to the everyone. Other websites with records are behind a paywall or are otherwise restricted. One of the main attractions of the Family History Centers and Libraries has been their access to a number of subscription websites for free through the FamilySearch Partner Program. Some of these websites, such as Ancestry.com, also have library editions of their programs that are available to patrons of public and some private libraries in the United States and possibly elsewhere.
Another major function of the world-wide Family History Centers is to provide local, free, access to the internet and genealogy records to places in the world where access is expensive or non-existent. Obviously, some of the countries of the world will not let Family History Centers be established or operate. The pandemic, by closing all the Family History Centers, has demonstrated that genealogical research can go on without access to Family History Centers. Some leaders of the Church has expressed the opinion that the future family history center is in the home.
Now, Family History Centers, for the most part, have very limited collections of actual records and documents. Their access to these documents is largely through the FamilySearch Portal and other websites that can be accessed on the internet. Some of the websites listed on the FamilySearch Portal are otherwise available for free online to anyone who has internet access. Beginning on 2 June 2021 until August, the FamilySearch Portal was unavailable and inoperable. One effect of the closure of the Family History Centers and the Portal being down was that some of the records hosted on the FamilySearch website were restricted and not available. These records, for a variety of reasons, were restricted to viewing only in a FamilySearch Family History Center or Library.
Now, what would happen if more of the records became available without the need for a Family History Center Portal connection? Why would we need to go to a Family History Center? The fact is that only a relatively small percentage of all the records online are somehow only available through a Family History Center. Granted some of the records that are restricted are ONLY available through the links at a Family History Center.
From a realistic perspective, many records around the world are difficult to access and only available from particular entities such as the billions of records only available from the United States National Archives. Family History Centers have been sorely missed by many genealogical researchers around the world. They do provide a valuable service. They need to be giving the support and priority they merit. Closing a Family History Center or a Library should be carefully considered and only done for overriding purposes. Although many records can be access from home, we will need Family History Centers and Libraries for a long time into the future.
Tuesday, August 10, 2021
The object of this series is to work through all the basic features of the FamilySearch.org Family Tree and explain all the skills necessary to add information with sources, clean-up and standardize existing entries, and learn about all the Family Tree's features.
The free FamilySearch.org website has four major components, The main component is a wiki-based, collaborative, family tree where every user can add and change existing information. The accuracy and consistency of the Family Tree depend entirely upon the historic sources that support entries and the care taken by its users. The second component is a vast collection of genealogically valuable digitized documents, records, and books from around the world. The third component is a valuable set of support features including maps, connections to other genealogy websites, timelines, and other tools that enhance genealogical research efforts. The fourth component is an indexing program that trains and supports volunteer efforts to index the existing digitized records.
Some of the basic functions of the FamilySearch.org website are available without registration, but you will soon see a notice requiring registration when you attempt to use some of the features.
The first steps in using this valuable website are to register and select the settings you wish to use. You may come back to the settings menu and make changes at any time, but a certain amount of information is necessary to actively use the website. To begin either sign in or create an account.The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, you will need your membership number. You can obtain your membership number from the Tools app or from a member of your Bishopric or your Ward Clerk. The number also appears on your Temple Recommend.
You can change or edit your user name or password at any time. Follow the instruction in the Setting menu if you lose either your username or password.
When you enter your name, you will need to enter all of the following information:
- Your Full Name
- Your Username
- Your Contact Name
- Your Display Name
Privacy issues in the United States and elsewhere are complicated and largely misunderstood by many people. Just remember that the FamilySearch Family Tree is a public document and you may or may not want to operate in this highly public place without thinking about your own online security. On the other hand, genealogy is basically involved in personal relationships and you may wish to encourage potential relatives to contact you. You also need to recognize the fact that dead people do not have claims to privacy. Your ancestral information is neither private nor owned by you.
All of you name settings can be edited by returning to the settings menu and clicking on the "Edit" links.
You can enter personal information as you register which can also be changed by you at any time. Personal information includes the following:
- Phone Number
- Mailing Address
- Location (country)
- FamilySearch Information - Receive emails that contain tips, inspiration, news, and Rootstech Information.
- Discoveries about My Ancestors - Receive personalized emails about your ancestors.
- Messages from Other Users - Receive email when another user messages you through FamilySearch.
- Receive and Offer Help - Allow me to receive an invitation from a helper, or send an invitation to help others.
Saturday, August 7, 2021
For as long as I have been involved in the greater genealogy community, I have heard complaints about the cost of subscribing to the large online genealogy websites. Interestingly, several of the websites have free versions such as Ancestry's Library Edition and MyHeritage's Library Edition. FamilySearch, with its billions of records is completely free. Many other genealogically valuable websites are also free such as Archive.org and the Digital Public Library of America. Most of the larger libraries and archives in the world have collections of historical records. Some libraries have extensive and valuable book collections such as the collections at the Salt Lake City, Utah Family History Library and the Provo, Utah Brigham Young University Family History Library.
Granted, there are people who live in poverty. In 2020, Extreme poverty, defined as living on less than $1.90 a day, affected between 9.1% and 9.4% of the world's population. It is certainly true, that someone who is suffering from severe poverty will have a significantly harder time simply living than those who have more resources. But I hear these complaints about the cost of genealogy from people who live in the United States and are apparently not homeless because they communicate with me online.
I have written a number of blog posts over the past years about this subject, but the real issue is not the cost of these online programs but the places where those in more prosperous areas choose to spend their money. Here in Utah, for example, there are hundreds of thousands of all-terrain vehicles or ATVs. These vehicles which are used primarily for recreation cost between $2000 and $20,000 or more just for the purchase price. Those who own them usually have a large truck and trailer to transport the ATV which can add up to $100,000 dollars to the cost of operating such a vehicle. So how does that compare to the cost of a full annual subscription to four of the largest genealogy programs?
The All Access subscription to Ancestry.com is about $420 a year in 2021.
MyHeritage.com is about $300 a year for their complete package.
Findmypast.com's complete package is $179.
How much does the average online streaming website such as Netflix cost? Pricing depends on the number of channels included but the average American household spends about $47 a month on these services or $564 a year. See "The Average U.S. Household Spends $47/Month on Streaming Services."
You get what you pay for.
By the way, the average American spends $232 per month eating meals prepared outside the home. Given that there’s 18.2 meals eaten outside the home in an average month by the average American, the average meal outside the home costs a person $12.75. See "Don't Eat Out as Often (188/365)."
What about free access to these programs in FamilySearch Family History Centers and Libraries across the world? Well, during the pandemic, access to Family History Centers has been extremely limited however they will begin opening if and when the pandemic declines.
As it is with any optional paid-for activity, each person has to make a choice as to the things they spend their money on. Those of us who are actively involved in genealogical research see the value of the online websites and pay for those we need and use. But there is one thing that is certain, you are not really aware of the resources available unless you are actively using all of the major online genealogy database programs.
Thursday, August 5, 2021
With over 12,800 of my own MyHeritage.com DNA matches, I am overwhelmed with the possibilities for my genealogical research. However, a significant number of these matches are with people who do not have a connecting family tree on the MyHeritage website making it very difficult or nearly impossible to identify the ancestral connection despite the extensive analytical tools available. It is unfortunate that so many people have treated the availability of DNA testing and nothing more than a brief curiosity. It is also a tragedy that so many people have not take advantage of the sophisticated DNA tools on the website.
On the MyHeritage website, the first tool you encounter is the DNA Matches. Here is a screenshot of my own matches.
I can identify both of the close matches, but many of the extended family matches have no family trees and I can only guess as to our relationship. However, even when the potential relative has a very limited family tree, MyHeritage can offer a solution to the relationship with its Theory of Family Relativity™, Here is part of the theory for a supposed 1st cousin twice removed - 3rd cousin once removed.
Of course, I could try to contact some or all of these potential relatives, but I have extensive documentation back to my Great-great-grandfather Sidney Tanner and I have no real reason to contact them. However, if I did not have all that information, the information provided by this match could open up an entirely new family line. This illustrates the interdependence between doing the "paper" research and supplementing that research with DNA testing. If we focus on the person who does not have an extensive family tree on the MyHeritage website, that person has an opportunity to begin an extensive family tree without too much effort. For example, one of the relatives shown by this Theory of Family Relativity™ is Nettie Mae Theobald who appears in over 10,000 MyHeritage family trees.
None of my previous research gives me any information about possible connections to Italian or Baltic connections and West Asian connections are also a complete mystery. My connections in the United States are obviously supported by my own research as are those in the British Isles and Scandinavia. The only research that I have found outside of the British Isles and Scandinavia is in the Netherlands where I have a Jewish family that eventually moved to London, England in the 1700s. It is true that anomalies are usually more interesting than finding all of your own research confirmed by the DNA testing.
Wednesday, August 4, 2021
From the announcement,
- Explore your Scottish heritage with millions of new records, comprehensively transcribed and fully searchable online for the first time
- Published on Findmypast thanks to the work of hundreds of passionate volunteers at local family history societies across Scotland
- New records span 450 years of Scottish history and cover every parish in the country
- Contains the vital details of Scots from all walks of life, including some of Scotland's most influential sons and daughters, from fathers of nations to inventors and innovators, forgotten figures and much more
Leading UK family history website, Findmypast, has today announced the publication of a vast new online collection of “Old Parish Registers” in collaboration with local archives and organizations across Scotland.
Dating back to 1561 and spanning 450 years of Scottish history, the new collection contains more than 10.7 million historical documents chronicling baptisms, marriages, burials and more. This vast new online resource will allow family historians across the globe to uncover rare details of their ancestor’s lives and the stories behind major life events.
When combined with Findmypast’s existing collection of Scottish records and historical newspapers, today’s release firmly establishes Findmypast as the home of the largest collection of Scottish family history records available anywhere online, enabling users to explore their Scottish family tree in greater depth and detail than ever before.
This groundbreaking new resource is the result of Findmypast’s close collaboration with local family history societies, archives and volunteers from across the country. It brings together a wide variety of important historical records, many of which were previously inaccessible to public and are now fully searchable in new ways for the first time.
This will be a welcome addition to a website I frequently use.
Monday, August 2, 2021
In an email announcement received 2 August 2021, the French genealogical database company, Filae.com, is merging with the Israeli-based company, MyHeritage.com. Quoting from the announcement, translated from the original French:
It is in this history that a new chapter of our fantastic entrepreneurial and human epic is being written today with the officialization of the first step of a merger with MyHeritage, one of the world leaders in genealogy in line. Renowned around the world, MyHeritage was founded in 2003 by genealogist Gilad Japhet, who still runs it today. Since 2008, I have spoken regularly with Gilad during his visits to France and I have been able to appreciate the relationship of trust and mutual respect that has been established between us. These discussions were an opportunity to realize how much our two companies share similar backgrounds, the same passion for simplicity and accessibility, as well as the same values of constant innovation in the service of their members, of investment in historical content. original and respectful of employees and users. It is therefore very natural that we decided to come together in order to allow MyHeritage and Filae to join forces and work together.
We are therefore very excited to share this good news with you since the financial and technological support of a world leader such as MyHeritage will allow Filae's services and data to be developed more quickly and efficiently. This union will also make the exclusive collections of Filae more accessible to all descendants of French people wherever they are in the world thanks to the leadership position acquired by MyHeritage in many countries.
This is an interesting development and points out the economy of scale that exists in large online database companies. Although some of the larger genealogy database companies might be viewed as competitors by those outside the genealogical community, those of us who have been online and watched the development of the companies appreciate their differences and try to use all of their resources. From my standpoint, thinking that these companies are competing with one another is like thinking that The National Archives in Kew, Richmond, England competes with the United States National Archives in Washington, D.C. Granted, some of these companies are "for profit" enterprises but that fact enables them to continue to expand their holdings and improve their database activities. Genealogists who complain about the "cost" of using these online businesses ignore the fact that millions of people spend far more money than the subscription costs of these companies for pastimes such as golf and attending other sporting events. For example, season tickets to the U.S. football games at our local university stadium can cost upwards of $900 U.S. a year for about 10 games. Get real. Genealogy is one of the least expensive endeavors you can be involved in. Of course, like anything, if you want to spend a lot of money, you can, primarily by traveling to your ancestral homes.
Monday, July 26, 2021
From time to time in the past, I have written about the Digital Public Library of America. As you can see from this screenshot, the DPLA now has well over 44 million images, texts, videos, and sounds from across the United States. If you visit the website, you will also see this link:
What’s the deal with copyright and a DPLA item?The copyright status of items in DPLA varies. DPLA links to a wide variety of different materials: many are in the public domain, while others are under rights restrictions but nonetheless publicly viewable. For individual rights information about an item, please check the “Rights” field in the metadata, or follow the link to the digital object on the content provider’s website for more information.
You might want to add a search in the DPLA to your research methodology.